Fundamentals          6

7)   By weather, I mean the interaction of natural
   forces; the effects of winter's cold and
   summer's heat and the conduct of military
   operations in accordance with the seasons.

8)   By terrain, I mean distances, whether the
  ground is traversed with ease or difficulty,
  whether it is open or constricted, and the
  chances of life or death.

9)   By command, I mean the general's qualities
  of wisdom, sincerity, humanity, courage
  and discipline.

10)   All warfare is based on deception.

11)   Therefore, when you are capable, feign
   incapacity; when active, inactivity.

12)   When near, make it appear that you are far
   away; when far away, make it appear that
   you are near.

                                 Fundamentals          7

13)   Offer the enemy a bait to lure him; feign disorder
     and strike him.       

14)   When he concentrates forces prepare against
      him; where he is strong, avoid him.

15)   Anger his general and confuse him, so that
     he will be irritated and recklessly advance
     against you without a plan.

16)   Pretend inferiority and encourage his arrogance.

17)   Keep him under strain and wear him down.

18)   Nothing is better than to protract things and
     keep him at a distance.

19)   Taking advantage of areas where he is
     prepared, make repeated sorties. When he
     comes to aid the right, attack his left; exhaust
     him by causing him to continually run about.

20)   When he is united try to divide; introduce
     discord and strife within his ranks.

                                Fundamentals           8

21)   Attack where he is unprepared; sally out when
     he does not expect you.

22)   What is of greatest importance in war is
     extraordinary speed; one cannot afford to
     neglect opportunity.

23)   When confronted by the enemy, respond to
     changing circumstances and devise expedient
     alternatives.

24)   With many calculations one has a chance
     to win; with few calculations one cannot win.

  Chapter 3               Strategy          9

1)   Victory is the main object in war. If this is long
   delayed, weapons are blunted and moral
   depressed.

2)   Thus, while we have heard of blundering
   swiftness in war, we have not yet seen a
   clever operation that was prolonged.

3)   Those who are unable to understand the
   dangers in employing troops are equally
   unable to understand the advantages of
   doing so.

4)   The wise general sees to it that his troops
   feed off the enemy; for one bushel of the
   enemy's provisions equals twenty of his.

5)   To capture the enemy's troops is better than to
   destroy them.

6)   Do not put a premium on killing.

7)   To subdue the enemy without fighting is the
   acme of skill.