Maneuver          26

13)   Now war is based on deception. Move when it is
    advantageous and create changes in the situation
    by dispersal and concentration of forces.

14)   Weigh the situation, then move.

15)   If the enemy occupies high ground, do not confront
    him.

16)   When he pretends to flee, do not pursue.

17)   Do not gobble proffered baits.

18)   Do not attack his elite troops.

19)   Do not press a trapped enemy. Wild beasts when
    trapped will fight desperately. How much more this
    is true of men! If they know there is no alternative,
    they will fight to the death.

20)   When taking up position in confrontation with the
    enemy, stay close to valleys; encamping on
    high ground.

21)   Fight downhill, do not ascend to attack

        

                                   Maneuver          27

22)   After crossing a river, you must move some distance
    away from it.

23)   When an advancing enemy  crosses water it is
    advantageous to allow half his forces to cross
    and then strike.

24)   If you wish to give battle, do not confront your enemy
    close to the water. Take position on high ground.
    Do not take position downstream.

25)   In level ground, occupy a position that facilitates
    your action.

26)   Carefully search out lush reeds and grasses, or
    forested mountains with dense tangled undergrowth,
    for these are areas where ambushes are laid and
    spies are hidden.

27)   When the enemy is near but lying low, he is depending
    on a favourable position.

28)   When he challenges you from afar, he wishes to lure
    you to advance.  
      

                                  Maneuver          28

29)   The movement of trees; birds rising in flight; and
    the startling of wild animals can indicate enemy
    positions and movement.

30)   Dust spurting upward in high straight columns
    indicates the approach of chariots. When it hangs
    low and is widespread infantry is approaching.

31)   When the army marches there should be patrols
    on all sides to observe.

32)   When half his force withdraws and half advances,
    he is attempting to decoy you.

33)   When the enemy sees an advantage but does not
    advance to seize it, they are fatigued.

34)   By taking into account the favorable factors, one
    makes the plan feasible; by taking into account
    the unfavorable, one may resolve the difficulties.

35)   If I wish to take advantage of the enemy, I must
    perceive not just the advantage in doing so, but
    must first consider the ways he can harm me.
     

                                   Maneuver          29

36)   In war, numbers alone confer no advantage. Do not
    advance relying on sheer military power.

37)   There are some roads not to follow; some troops not
    to strike; some cities not to assault; and some ground
    which should not be contested.